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"Is'metaverse maximalist' a term?" asked Gordon Goner, one of the anonymous co-founders of the Boring Ape Yacht Club. Goner is a metacosmic minimalist. (He just coined the term.) "I am very confpeter mckay bitcoin codeident that we are less than 20 years away from the experience of the'top player'," Goner said. Bored Apes is taking root in Decentraland and the sandbox; Goner said the club’s sandbox plan is still “confidential,” but you will be able to move around in the meta-universe like your three-dimensional “ape”. In Decentraland, you can spend time in the Bored Ape Yacht Club riverboat casino.

Trend 3: DeFi tools and architectures are increasing. Many basic decentralized financial industry toolshow to buy usdt tether (for example, AMM automatic market makers) have been tested in actual combat and have been widely implemented. Game developers can combine these tools to realize game financialization and promote purchase, lending, mortgage and other basic financial activities Now they can all enter the game field smoothly.Trend 4: Web2 interoperability. Many traditional large-scale technology giants have also begun to join the decentralized ecosystem, and have also opened up a new distribution mechanism for encryption-driven games. For example, Apple’s recent changes to the App Store can make it easier for iOS users to directly access NFT-based “sides”. Play and earn” game.

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Trend 5: Metaverse. "Meta universe" has become a new frontier of digital experience, and the rapid rise of this emerging concept has even aroused Facebook's interest.SummarizeThis summer, Axie Infinity achieved explosive growth, and many people were also very excited about Yield Guild, which in turn promoted the flourishing of "play while earning" games. After this craze, traditional game giants and cryptocurrency thought leaders have also begun to pay attention to "play while earning" games-under this strong tailwind, what other projects will be built in the future is very worthy of attention. For investors exploring the field of "playing and earning" games, now is of course a very "fun" moment, but from a broader perspective, it also marks the occurrence of our views on labor, leisure and value Changes-therefore, the "play and earn" game is definitely an important trend we must pay attention to.If you say which one is the most brilliant chain in the second half of this year, there is no doubt that solana is worthy of its name. SOL was founded by former Qualcomm, Intel and Dropbox engineers at the end of 2017. Solana is high-performance, fast, generous and rich in the project, and the team has SBF. Blessing, these distinctive features have enabled solana's defi to be launched one after another since May, and reached a blowout level. This is mainly due to the continuous development of the market and ecology of solana, and three consecutive hackathons were held within a year. Most of the projects have been effectively incubated. Obviously, Solana's reputation has overtaken polkadot and become a new public chain giant.The specific situation is actually very simple. The ecological project parrot conducts IDO. According to official regulations, users can receive tokens when IDO is completed, and then they can trade at the same time. On the one hand, the enthusiasm for participation is high and the user base is large. Most people wanted to sell at a high price for the first time, which caused congestion on the chain and data overflow and collapse of most nodes. In the end, the network was paralyzed for more than ten hours. It can be said that similar incidents are almost hard to come across.

On the one hand, the enthusiasm of users is indeed too high. On the other hand, the high-performance public chain also faces the risk of being questioned. Fortunately, after the official team released the new version of the program, the solana network returned to normal and everyone can continue to play.However, this incident has given many people a thought as to what kind of public chain we need in the future.For example, the OMG Foundation, which previously focused on plasma, also proposed a new expansion research plan this year-Boba network, and what Boba uses is Optimistic in the Rollup plan.

In view of the awkward position of Polygon, many people regard the current Polygon as a pseudo two-layer, but Polygon positions itself as a Layer 2 solution aggregator, which to a certain extent has found another development path for Polygon. Moreover, Polygon has also acquired the ZK Rollup expansion network Hermez launched by iden3, which reduces the doubts about the pseudo-second layer to a certain extent.Proof mechanism: fraud proofPolygon advantage: extremely high scalability, EVM is easily compatible.Polygon Challenge: Security is the lowest among the above-mentioned schemes.

Overall, Optimistic Rollup is the easiest solution to implement under the current technical background, but its essence still does not fundamentally solve the security problem of assets. The ZK Rollup solution may become the final Layer 2 solution, but how to catch up The first-mover advantage of Optimistic Rollup ecological development is also a problem in the ZK Rollup solution.Looking at all the different Layer 2 general solutions, we found that the current Layer 2 does not have a perfect solution. Different solutions have made a trade-off between safety and efficiency, either the former or the latter, but the most The bottom layer and the core effective solution can only be implemented on layer1, which is also the importance of Eth2 sharding.

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In the trading market, there is a faintly visible grass snake gray line behind every rise and fall. The cryptocurrency market is no exception.According to data from Coingecko, on September 18, 2021, the price of MX on the Matcha Exchange (MEXC) platform rose 28% from yesterday, reaching a maximum of 1.93 USDT. This is the second time that MX has recorded an intraday increase of more than 20% since the 15th.This is all related to a rumor circulating in the community.Matcha was acquired by Bybit?

On September 15, there was a rumor that "Matcha was acquired by Bybit" from the community, and the price of MX quickly rose from 1.3 SUDT to 1.6 USDT.On September 16th, in response to the rumors of matcha being acquired, the relevant person in charge of MEXC responded that "the rumors are untrue" and said, "At present, MEXC is increasing its global layout and making positive progress in overseas business. In the future, it will continue to adhere to the user-centered approach. Principle layout of the global market".After MEXC rejected the rumors, the price of MX retreated below 1.5 USDT on September 17.After MX fell below 1.5 USDT, MX began to break again strongly, rising to 1.93 USDT around 13:00 on September 18, an increase of more than 28%.

After the head of MEXC dispelled the rumors that MEXC was acquired on September 16, why did MX rise sharply again? It is still related to the rumors of MEXC being acquired.According to internal sources, the rumors of MEXC being acquired by Bybit should be true. Some investors also said in the community that they bought MX from 1.1 USDT.

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Who is Bybit? According to data from Coingecko, Bybit ranks third in derivatives exchanges based on open positions; Bybit ranks sixth in terms of 24-hour trading volume.Why the rumored object is Bybit? Some analysts said that firstly, Bybit is the world's top five derivatives exchange, with an annual profit of billions of dollars; secondly, after Bybit completely withdraws from China and moves overseas in 2020 and recently launched BitDAO, the Bybit ecosystem needs to be domestically and centralized. The spot market is complementary; again, Bybit is created for the domestic team, and there are no obstacles in language and culture.

And Bybit has been moving frequently recently.Bybit announced on June 6 the launch of BitDAO, a decentralized autonomous organization aimed at promoting the development of open finance, and completed $230 million in financing. Peter Thiel, Founders Fund, Pantera Capital, and Dragonfly Capital led the investment.On August 10, BitDAO launched the first step of the DeFi ecosystem, auctioning 200 million BIT tokens on the Sushi MISO platform in the Netherlands, raising nearly 350 million U.S. dollars. As of press time, the market value of BIT is 410 million USDT and the market value of MX is 180 million USDT.In the future, BitDAO intends to launch various DeFi products, including an encrypted futures exchange and a decentralized version of Bybit.After layout, Bybit has formed a centralized derivatives exchange and a decentralized DeFi ecosystem, and there is still a lack of a centralized spot exchange.MEXC is Bybit's choice? The crypto community will wait and see.

Arbitrum will continue to absorb the most advanced technology and actively promote the development of the expansion field.After the Ethereum expansion network Arbitrum One was officially launched and publicly tested, it has become the network with the largest amount of asset lock-ups in the Ethereum L2, even an order of magnitude higher than the second place. But in fact, this is only the first expansion network launched by Offchain Labs, and a parallel expansion technology with Arbitrum One will be launched in the future.

For example, in the previous cooperation with social media and online forum Reddit, Arbitrum has stood out among dozens of expansion plans, and Reddit will use Arbitrum to expand its community points system (Community Points). The Arbitrum team told Lianwen, "According to our current expectations, there will be various industry-specific and company-specific Rollup solutions in the future. Multiple Rollups can run in parallel to increase the total capacity."At that time, Reddit conducted research and in-depth review of multiple Ethereum scalability solutions, and found that Arbitrum's Optimistic Rollups were the most promising expansion technology for the community points system, so it decided to adopt the Arbitrum solution, which will be launched on the Rinkeby testnet first. , And then migrate to the Ethereum mainnet.

As for the current expansion effect of Arbitrum One, the team said that there is still some room for improvement in the short term, but in the long run, it still needs to rely on the data sharding technology of Ethereum 2.0 in order to reduce transaction costs more significantly.In addition, we also chatted with the Arbitrum team about "the centralization risk of a single Sequencer", "views on other expansion technologies" and other topics.

What are the components of Arbitrum's complete solution?In fact, we are very curious about what components Arbitrum is built of as a novel and complex expansion technology, and what role AVM and ArbOS, which are often heard in the community, play in this agreement.The Arbitrum team stated that Arbitrum consists of four parts, namely: smart contract of the agreement, AVM (virtual machine), ArbOS and asset bridge.Smart contract of the protocol: Sometimes called EthBridge, it refers to the smart contract of the Arbitrum Rollup protocol on Ethereum. It ensures that the business above this layer can run correctly, and provides mediation if there is a dispute in the Arbitrum protocol. "Logic. (Chain note: The term Arbitrum comes from Arbitrium, which means arbitration, that is, "dispute resolution").

Arbitrum Virtual Machine (AVM): AVM virtual machine is similar to EVM (Ethereum Virtual Machine), it will execute computer programs, read input and produce output.ArbOS: ArbOS is an operating system (OS) running on the second-tier network that provides a compatibility layer that fully supports EVM. It will also serve as the recorder, supervisor and enforcer of smart contract execution on the Arbitrum chain. (Official documents on the introduction of AVM and ArbOS: https://developer.offchainlabs.com/docs/avm_design)

Asset Bridge: Allow users to send Ethereum and other tokens between Arbitrum One and the Ethereum mainnet.Is there still room for Arbitrum One's transaction costs to drop?

Although according to our previous estimates (https://www.chainnews.com/articles/115931150768.htm), Arbitrum's transaction cost can still be reduced by about an order of magnitude compared to the first layer of Ethereum, but according to the statistics of the L2 Fees website From a point of view, it is still several times higher than the cost of using some ZK Rollup networks.However, you can also see that the L2 Fees website has also made some notes for Arbitrum. Arbitrum One, which is in the Beta stage, is currently artificially restricted. The opening of this restriction on the official mainnet in the future may further reduce transaction costs.

We also asked the Arbitrum team about this topic. They said, "In the short term, we are working hard to reduce the basic cost of each transaction, that is, the cost allocated to each transaction in the batch release transaction. We will soon see Transaction costs have fallen.”However, in the long run, the Arbitrum One solution requires that each transaction be stored on the Ethereum mainnet through calldata. As long as the capacity of Ethereum remains unchanged, there is still an upper limit. Therefore, the long-term expansion possibility of Arbitrum One still needs to rely on the data sharding technology of Ethereum 2.0.The Arbitrum team stated, "ETH 2.0 data sharding will greatly reduce the cost of publishing data to Ethereum, which is crucial to Rollup's expansion technology. ETH 2.0 data sharding means cheaper calldata, and we are very happy to become Ethereum "Rollup as the center" part of the road map."Are there more expansion plans for Arbitrum?

The upper limit of Arbitrum One is restricted by Ethereum. Is it possible for other types of expansion technologies to open the ceiling of Rollup?Teams have already begun to explore more efficient expansion solutions than Rollup. Although a little security may be sacrificed, the results obtained are quite significant. For example, StarkWare's StarkEx solution, through cooperation with dYdX, provides a perpetual contract transaction experience without paying for Gas in the second-tier network. Matter Labs will also introduce zkPorter technology in zkSync 2.0 to reduce data availability, but the cost can be reduced even more.

Matter Labs' zkPorter off-chain data solutionIn this regard, the Optimistic Rollup camp has not disclosed more different expansion technologies, and the advantages of removing data availability may be similar to Plasma technology. However, Arbitrum has already admitted that there will be more expansion plans, which will later coexist with Arbitrum One.

The Arbitrum team stated, “Arbitrum One is our flagship Optimistic Rollup solution, but in fact we have other solutions that will coexist with Arbitrum One. According to our earliest published academic paper, Arbitrum is the first to explore the expansion solution of the mixed data model. We will continue to explore how these ideas coexist with Arbitrum One, so stay tuned.”Can the sequencer review transactions?

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Perspectives of a 2x entrepreneur turned VC at @UpfrontVC#

Mark Suster

Written by

2x entrepreneur. Sold both companies (last to salesforce.com). Turned VC looking to invest in passionate entrepreneurs 〞 I*m on Twitter at @msuster

Both Sides of the Table

Perspectives of a 2x entrepreneur turned VC at @UpfrontVC, the largest and most active early-stage fund in Southern California. Snapchat: msuster

Mark Suster

Written by

2x entrepreneur. Sold both companies (last to salesforce.com). Turned VC looking to invest in passionate entrepreneurs 〞 I*m on Twitter at @msuster

Both Sides of the Table

Perspectives of a 2x entrepreneur turned VC at @UpfrontVC, the largest and most active early-stage fund in Southern California. Snapchat: msuster